The Public Houses of Leicester City and its Immediate Suburbs
The City pub database is split into five geographical zones which are sector shaped radiating out from the Clock Tower hub as follows -
Zone 1 North (Churchgate to Belgrave Gate)
Zone 2 Northeast (Belgrave Gate to Humberstone Gate)
Zone 3 East (Humberstone Gate to Gallowtree Gate / Granby Street / London Road)
Zone 4 South (Gallowtree Gate / Granby Street / London Road to Horsefair Street
Zone 5 West (Horsefair Street to Churchgate
Information sheets for each public house can be accessed via the ALPHABETICAL INDEX, the ZONE INDEX and the OTHERS section..
The separate section titled 'OTHERS' covers establishments where the address is vague or not known at all.
Leicester City Coat of Arms
Semper Eadem (Always the same)
Leicester City Coat of Arms -
The official description of the Coat of Arms of Leicester is -
Arms - Gules, a cinquefoil pierced ermine
Crest - Wyvern sans legs argent strewed with wounds gules, wings expanded ermine
Supporters - lions reguardant gules gourged with a Ducal coronet
Motto - 'Semper Eadem;
The original Coat of Arms of Leicester began with the simple cinquefoil (five leafed) device of Robert de Beaumont (1040/50-1118), a Norman who led the infantry under William the Conquerer in 1066. Granted many estates and much land for his part in the battle, Beaumont was created 1st Earl of Leicester in 1107. The Beaumont male line ended with the death of the 4th Earl and the Earldom passed to Simon de Montfort, whose son, also Simon, became the 6th Earl in 1239. After his death at the Battle of Evesham in 1265, his lands and titles were forfeited and re-granted to King Henry III's son, Edmund Crouchback (1245-96), who became Earl of both Leicester and Lancaster.
The wounded Wyvern motif on top of Beaumont's cinquefoil comes in with Thomas Crouchback (1278-1322), who inherited the Earldoms of Leicester, Lancaster and Derby, and, as grandson, nephew and cousin to three English Monarchs, became the most wealthy and powerful Earl in the country. However, seen as 'a man of the people', Thomas continually led the calls for reformation against the Monarchy, and, after being responsible for the assassination of Piers Gaveston, confidant to the King, Thomas led the revolt which saw many of the Earls refuse to support the King in his conflict with the Scots. This was a major factor in King Edward II's humiliating defeat at Bannockburn in 1314.
Eventually, many of the other Earls returned allegiance to the King, leaving Thomas isolated, and in March 1322 he, (together with John de Mowbray, of Melton Mowbray fame), was convicted of treason and be-headed at Pontefract Castle, and so, to commemorate Leicester's executed Earl, the wounded Wyvern was added to the Coat of Arms.
The cinquefoil and Wyvern were confirmed as the Coat of Arms of Leicester at the Heraldic Visitation in 1619 and Leicester was granted City status exactly 300 years later, and, following applications by the City Council, the two Lancastrian lion supporters and motto were added in 1926.
'Semper Eadem' meaning 'always the same' was originally Queen Elizabeth the First's motto.